Whether in a simple salad with basil and olive oil or straight from the plant and

Whether in a simple salad with basil and olive oil or straight from the plant and warmed by the sun, a quality tomato is sweet, tangy, and delicious enough to need little adornment. Store-bought tomatoes, however, are bland and watery more often than not, which is why growing your own is so appealing. If you’re stuck on where to begin, this guide covers all the basics for getting started on growing tomatoes. Decide whether you want to grow from seed or buy young plants. The first thing you need to decide is whether you’ll grow your tomatoes from seed or purchase young plants ready to plant in the garden. The benefit of growing from seed is that it’s cheaper, you have more choice of tomato varieties, and you know exactly how your tomatoes have been grown right from the start (particularly important if you want to grow organic). It’s also arguably more rewarding having raised each tomato plant from a single seed. On the other hand, buying plants is easier and less labor intensive, doesn’t require a setup for propagating seeds, and has less chance for failure, especially for first time veg growers. Timing is everything. To successfully grow tomatoes, y...

How To Make An Electric Scooter Chain Sprocket With Nothing But Hand Tools

Sometimes, mechanical parts can be supremely expensive, or totally unavailable. In those cases, there’s just one option — make it yourself. It was this very situation in which I found myself. My electric scooter had been ever so slightly bested by a faster competitor, and I needed redemption. A gearing change would do the trick, but alas, the chain sprocket I needed simply did not exist from the usual online classifieds. Thus, I grabbed the only tools I had, busied myself with my task. This is a build that should be replicable by anyone comfortable using a printer, power drill, and rotary tool. Let’s get to work! Making a sprocket is easy — print a template, stick it to a metal blank, and cut it out. There’s some post-processing required, but the fundamental concept is little different from any basic woodworking or craft project. Making a template is easy, using a free piece of software called Sprocketeer 2.0. Sprockets actually have remarkably complex geometry, designed to make chain drives that run as quietly, smoothly, and efficiently as possible. All you need is the pitch and roller diameter of your chosen chain, and the number of teeth of your desired sprocket, and Sprocke...

‘If I was as good-looking as Cillian Murphy I’d be a fucking nightmare!’ Elbow’s Guy Garvey talks Brexit Britain and new music

Painful loss and the ongoing chaos of Brexit underpin Elbow’s powerful new album, Giants Of All Sizes. Frontman Guy Garvey reflects on the record’s difficult creation, whilst also touching on the lighter moments of visiting Youghal and enjoying pints in London with Cillian Murphy. Guy Garvey is reaffirming his place as the nicest man in rock. A few weeks after yours truly first interviewed the Elbow frontman, then subsequently left the recorder in a field in Stradbally amidst the excitement of Electric Picnic, Guy has agreed to answer my questions all over again. Actually, “agreed” is the wrong word. Guy is “more than happy to” talk to us. He’s been on the press circuit for over a month now, but retains the same exuberant energy as he did when we first met – mainly because he’s immensely proud of the band’s eighth album, Giants Of All Sizes. “We’ve had a sneaky word on some of the reviews,” notes Guy, “It feels like it’s really connected with people. It’s been the most difficult record to make, because it’s very reflective of the time we live in, as well exploring the grieving process. So it’s great that people are connecting with the songs’ lyrics and working out what they’re a...

UV-B–induced forest sterility: Implications of ozone shield failure in Earth’s largest extinction

Although Siberian Trap volcanism is considered a primary driver of the largest extinction in Earth history, the end-Permian crisis, the relationship between these events remains unclear. However, malformations in fossilized gymnosperm pollen from the extinction interval suggest biological stress coinciding with pulsed forest decline. These grains are hypothesized to have been caused by enhanced ultraviolet-B (UV-B) irradiation from volcanism-induced ozone shield deterioration. We tested this proposed mechanism by observing the effects of inferred end-Permian UV-B regimes on pollen development and reproductive success in living conifers. We find that pollen malformation frequencies increase fivefold under high UV-B intensities. Surprisingly, all trees survived but were sterilized under enhanced UV-B. These results support the hypothesis that heightened UV-B stress could have contributed not only to pollen malformation production but also to deforestation during Permian-Triassic crisis intervals. By reducing the fertility of several widespread gymnosperm lineages, pulsed ozone shield weakening could have induced repeated terrestrial biosphere destabilization and food web collapse ...

Global Malleable Iron Pipe Fittings Production Market Share, Revenue, and Average Price by Manufacturers Shared in a Latest Research Report

The global Malleable Iron Pipe Fittings market is valued at million US$ in 2018 is expected to reach million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of during 2019-2025. Access Report Details at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/global-malleable-iron-pipe-fittings-market-research-report This report focuses on Malleable Iron Pipe Fittings volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Malleable Iron Pipe Fittings market size by analyzing historical data and future prospect. Regionally, this report focuses on several key regions: North America, Europe, China and Japan. Key companies profiled in Malleable Iron Pipe Fittings Market report are Viking Group Inc, Anvil International, Mueller Industries, Inc, Smith-Cooper International, Matco-Norca, Ward Manufacturing Llc, Cctf Corporation, Bis Pipe Fitting Industry,Service Metal, Georg Fischer, Hebei Jianzhi Casting Groupand more in term of company basic information, Product Introduction, Application, Specification, Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019), etc. Cast Iron Valves, Ductile Iron Valves, Steel Valves – Kingnor,http...

And driving the market? Massive marketing, proliferation of internet-based technologies, soaring urban populations, unbearable congestion, climate

And driving the market? Massive marketing, proliferation of internet-based technologies, soaring urban populations, unbearable congestion, climate change, fuel costs, and wasted time, money and effort. The segment is already turning brand new start-ups into unicorns practically overnight, and investors are starting to take notice. From, ride sharing giants like Uber, to scooter kingpins like Bird and Ojo Electric Corp’s (TSX.V:OJO, OTC:AZNVF) sleek new two-wheeled answer to the Tesla, mobility is a stunning market that’s becoming increasingly unconventional. Scooters in particular have been attracting cash and customers like no other segment. That’s because two wheels have the potential to almost entirely replace cars and completely upend ride-hailing as we know it. It also could be the answer to ailing public transportation. They’ve pumped more than $5.7 billion into two-wheeled startups since 2015, with multiple companies getting to the coveted $1 billion valuation status. Scooter startup Bird is only two years old, but it’s already worth $2.75 billion. Just this month, it raised $275 million in fresh funding. Lime, its main competitor, is now worth $2.4 billion. It’s a crowd...

Meet ‘The Hulk,’ better known as Project X’s HZRDUS Smoke Green shaft

DALLAS — Almost every week on the PGA Tour, players are offered the opportunity to provide feedback on prototype shafts that could eventually make their way to the average consumer. With feedback weighted heavily in the design process, the trajectory of a shaft’s future can change drastically depending on what’s being relayed to tour reps. When Project X rolled out a blank prototype version of its Tour-only HZRDUS Smoke Green shaft last year at Punta Cana, the goal was to gather feedback on the tip-stiff profile — one that was supposed to rival the ultra-stiff HZRDUS T1100. “I still remember [True Temper Tour rep David Wilson] saying, ‘Well, nobody said the shaft was too stiff,’” said Don Brown, True Temper’s senior director of marketing and innovation. “We weren’t sure if the lack of feedback was good or bad initially, but we quickly figured out it wasn’t what we wanted. We wanted some guys to say it was too stiff. If the average distance guys don’t think it’s stiff enough, then the shaft isn’t going to fit the guys we’re targeting.” After making some tweaks to beef up the profile, Project X rolled out a prototype version that received the response the shaft manufacturer ...

Elio Motors has zero revenue and operating cash flow, and their ability to operate as a

Elio Motors has zero revenue and operating cash flow, and their ability to operate as a going concern is questionable. If Elio Motors reapplies to the NASDAQ for an IPO, it will be a candidate for a short seller’s portfolio. Editor’s note: Seeking Alpha is proud to welcome Value Falcon as a new contributor. It’s easy to become a Seeking Alpha contributor and earn money for your best investment ideas. Active contributors also get free access to SA PREMIUM. Click here to find out more » Editor’s note: Seeking Alpha is proud to welcome Value Falcon as a new contributor. It’s easy to become a Seeking Alpha contributor and earn money for your best investment ideas. Active contributors also get free access to SA PREMIUM. Click here to find out more » Elio Motors, Inc. (OTCQB:ELIO) is an US-based startup that is focused on designing and manufacturing a safe, affordable, and fuel efficient vehicle that is targeted towards urban commuters. The only base model, the Elio, is a fully enclosed three wheeled vehicle with two seats and other standard features. The Elio is built from “off-the-shelf” parts supplied by third parties and is priced at $7,450. The Elio’s adv...

Sainsbury’s, a well-known supermarket offering a wide selection of vegan groceries, is now launching a brand

Sainsbury’s, a well-known supermarket offering a wide selection of vegan groceries, is now launching a brand new range of shoes that are not just vegan, but sustainable as well. Earlier this year, the massive retail company Marks & Spencer launched a range of affordable vegan shoes. Following suit, Sainsbury’s is introducing its own range of vegan and sustainable shoes. The range of sustainably vegan shoes come from Love Our Planet Footwear, a PETA-approved footwear company that is dedicated to providing cruelty-free shoes that are also made from sustainable materials. Every piece used to make the footwear is at least partially recycled. For example, all of the polyester materials used are at least partially recycled, with some being made of 100% recycled polyester. Also, all of the shoe styles available are made from recycled plastic bottles consisting of water-based polyurethane materials, and all of the soles are made out of 100% recycled thermoplastic rubber. If that isn’t enough, Love Our Planet also takes special care to ensure that the shoeboxes are both sustainable and vegan as well. The boxes are made out of 100% recycled paper, and the ink used for des...

An Engineer’s Guide to Laser Cutting > ENGINEERING.com

YPE html PUBLIC “-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN” “http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd”> 1967 had the Summer of Love, Thurgood Marshall’s confirmation to the Supreme Court and—if you’re a hockey fan—it was the last time the Toronto Maple Leafs won the Stanley Cup. There was also no shortage of engineering news in 1967, including the Apollo 1 disaster, the Saturn V rocket’s first launch and the Concorde’s debut. Here’s another event from 1967 that was arguably just as important but didn’t get nearly as much press: Peter Houldcroft, then Deputy Scientific Director at The Welding Institute in Cambridge, UK began his experiments using an oxygen assist gas to cut a 1mm-thick steel sheet with a 300W CO2 laser. This marked the beginning of using lasers for industrial material processing. Now, 50 years later, laser cutting machines account for the largest segment of the metal cutting machine market, which also includes plasma, waterjet and mechanical cutting. In the simplest terms, a CNC laser cutter uses a coherent beam of light to cut material, most often sheet metal, but also wood, diamond, glass, plastics and silicon. Broadly spe...

There’s nothing too exotic about the Honda CRF50F. It’s got a 49-cc four-stroke, a kick-starter, and

There’s nothing too exotic about the Honda CRF50F. It’s got a 49-cc four-stroke, a kick-starter, and a three-speed sequential transmission. My kids have a friend who has a 2005 model, and that one looks almost identical to a 2019. “These things are bulletproof,” the Honda dealer told me. “I could take it up on the roof of the building and throw it off and it would fire right up.” Well, perhaps that’s a bit of dealer hyperbole, but not by much. As a starter bike, the CRF50F is designed to survive the abuses of dirt-bike newbies. Go head, kid, dump it in the ditch. If you’re still game to ride, the bike will be, too. The little Honda doesn’t have a manual clutch, but in most other respects it’s a full-fledged dirt bike writ small. Ahead of the left peg is a sequential foot shifter. Ahead of the right peg, the rear foot brake. On the right handlebar is the lever for the front brake. There’s a twist-grip throttle and a no-electric start—you fire the little four-stroke with a determined wallop on the kick-starter. When it catches, the single-cylinder settles into a bass-heavy idle that belies its shot-glass displacemen...

It’s probably clear to a Hackaday reader that we live in a golden era for hobbyist

It’s probably clear to a Hackaday reader that we live in a golden era for hobbyist tool accessibility. Cheap single board computers can be bought at any neighborhood RadioShack or Maplin. 3D printers sell fully assembled and ready to run for less than $200. Even the humble CNC mill has come down the price curve, though as you might expect at the low end things can get pretty rough. Like a cheap 3D printer, a cheap mill tends to be missing some basic features you’d expect any reasonable machine to have. If you get your hands on one of these little wonders, [Shahada Abubakar] has a pair of great blog posts on the basic set of upgrades you’ll probably want to perform right out of the box. Which cheap CNC mills are we talking about? They go by a few names. Last year our own [Kristina Panos] put together a review of a shockingly inexpensive “1610” type sold by Linksprite (go take a read if you’re already considering a purchase!). The “1610” class, so named for it’s 16 cm x 10 cm bed size, is pretty common under a wide variety of manufacturer names. You can find them in this size made of 8020 like [Kristina] did or as “upgraded” versions cut from 1/4″ mystery plastic (often referred t...

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